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Artificial Intelligence Differences

Might intelligence be a general force in nature?



Warren Jones, Lana Rubalsky (2010) "Artificial Intelligence Differences", wJones Research, August 10, 2010
Although there has been much written about computational intelligence and many attempts under the name of Artificial Intelligence to create intelligent systems, those efforts were hampered by a core weakness in the objective model used to define intelligence. The general belief was that man was intelligent and all other creatures were not, thus intelligence was defined based upon a model of differences between man and other creatures such as a bird or ape.

First generation efforts to construct intelligence focused on man’s unique attributes such as communication, the ability to form government, build homes, cooperatively raise children, to create and use technologies such as radar to navigate north or infrared vision to see in dim light. There were two key problems with those efforts:
  • The first was that man has very few unique abilities. All those listed above are also capabilities of the starling bird. So attempts to discover the nature of an intelligence assuming a premise that it is an exclusive feature of man, caused AI to drift from the scientific method. The starling’s inability to sit across a table and convince us it was human was defined as proof of its lack of intelligence while our inability to understand how starling flocks were never caught in ice storms or could fly in formations orders of magnitude more complex then our best get fighter wings with no collisions was proof of nothing. If physics were like the field of AI, the force that draws objects toward the Moon would not be considered gravity, simply because it doesn’t appear to attract people.
  • The second difficulty with focusing the search on man’s uniqueness, was that it eliminated the possibility of a far more plausible explanation of intelligence, that its basis might be an inherent feature of many if not all life forms, and that man’s differences might relate more to evolutionary parameter settings rather than any unknowable feature, unavailable to the starling, or any other earthly life form.
Indeed, once an allowance is made that intelligence might be a general force in nature, then creating an architecture to construct it becomes not only feasible, but more practical, as solutions can be defined that span a range of applications and with lesser capabilities as would often be warranted. For commercial applications, there may be greater value in systems with parameter settings closer to the starling which needs no maintenance support from man and never questions its Purpose.

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